Kent Smalley, M.D.
Addiction Medicine Specialist & Behavioral Neurology located in Edmond, OK
Half of all people who have one seizure without an identifiable cause will go on to have a second seizure, typically within the next six months. For this reason, it’s essential to protect your health by scheduling a thorough neurological evaluation with Kent Smalley, MD, at Neurowellness Clinic in Edmond, Oklahoma and serving the greater Oklahoma City area. As a recognized expert in seizures and epilepsy, Dr. Smalley works closely with each person and provides treatment to control their seizures. To schedule an appointment, call the office or use the online booking feature.
Seizure Disorder Q & A
What is a seizure disorder?
The nerves in your brain communicate using electrical impulses. When this electrical activity suddenly goes out of control, it causes a seizure. These uncontrolled electrical disturbances lead to changes in your movement, behavior, and consciousness.
What is the difference between a seizure disorder and epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a type of seizure disorder, but having a seizure doesn’t mean you have epilepsy. Seizures may occur due to health problems such as an infection, a high fever, stroke, and traumatic brain injury.
You’re diagnosed with epilepsy when you have two or more seizures that are at least 24 hours apart and that aren’t caused by an underlying health problem.
What symptoms develop due to seizures?
The different types of seizures are classified using criteria such as where they originated in the brain, the physical movement triggered by the seizure, and other symptoms. Each seizure type has its own symptoms, but as a group, seizures may cause:
- Continuous jerking movements
- Brief muscle twitches
- Limp or rigid muscles
- Whole-body spasms
- Repetitive movements
- Complete immobility
- Loss of consciousness
- Blanking out or staring into space
- Impaired language
- Emotional changes
- Sensory dysfunction
Some types of seizures cause brief, subtle symptoms, like a slight twitch of your eyelids.
How do you diagnose seizures?
Your evaluation begins with a comprehensive physical and neurological exam, which is followed by blood work and diagnostic testing.
You have an electroencephalogram (EEG) done in the comfort of the office. An EEG shows the electrical activity in your brain and can reveal your chances of having another seizure. If Dr. Smalley suspects an underlying problem in your brain, you may also need a CT scan or MRI.
How do you treat seizures?
The first line of treatment is to target and eliminate the underlying cause of your seizures — if one can be identified. Otherwise, your treatment begins with medications to control the seizures.
If you have a type of seizure that results in unconsciousness, Dr. Smalley talks with you about activities you need to avoid until your seizures are well-controlled.
While you need close monitoring with regular office visits until your seizures are controlled, Dr. Smalley offers telemedicine for ongoing care.
When seizures don’t improve with medication, a problem faced by 10-20% of patients, Dr. Smalley talks with you about surgical interventions that can help.
If you need exceptional medical care following a seizure, call Neurowellness Clinic or schedule an appointment online.